Compile OneFlow Models

Author: Xiaoyu Zhang

This article is an introductory tutorial to deploy OneFlow models with Relay.

For us to begin with, OneFlow package should be installed.

A quick solution is to install via pip

pip install flowvision==0.1.0
pip install -f https://release.oneflow.info oneflow==0.7.0+cpu

or please refer to official site: https://github.com/Oneflow-Inc/oneflow

Currently, TVM supports OneFlow 0.7.0. Other versions may be unstable.

import os, math
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from PIL import Image

# oneflow imports
import flowvision
import oneflow as flow
import oneflow.nn as nn

import tvm
from tvm import relay
from tvm.contrib.download import download_testdata
/venv/apache-tvm-py3.8/lib/python3.8/site-packages/oneflow/framework/dtype.py:48: DeprecationWarning: `np.bool` is a deprecated alias for the builtin `bool`. To silence this warning, use `bool` by itself. Doing this will not modify any behavior and is safe. If you specifically wanted the numpy scalar type, use `np.bool_` here.
Deprecated in NumPy 1.20; for more details and guidance: https://numpy.org/devdocs/release/1.20.0-notes.html#deprecations
  oneflow.bool: np.bool,
/venv/apache-tvm-py3.8/lib/python3.8/site-packages/flowvision/transforms/functional_pil.py:193: DeprecationWarning: BILINEAR is deprecated and will be removed in Pillow 10 (2023-07-01). Use Resampling.BILINEAR instead.
  def resize(img, size, interpolation=Image.BILINEAR):
/venv/apache-tvm-py3.8/lib/python3.8/site-packages/flowvision/transforms/functional.py:65: DeprecationWarning: NEAREST is deprecated and will be removed in Pillow 10 (2023-07-01). Use Resampling.NEAREST or Dither.NONE instead.
  Image.NEAREST: "nearest",
/venv/apache-tvm-py3.8/lib/python3.8/site-packages/flowvision/transforms/functional.py:66: DeprecationWarning: BILINEAR is deprecated and will be removed in Pillow 10 (2023-07-01). Use Resampling.BILINEAR instead.
  Image.BILINEAR: "bilinear",
/venv/apache-tvm-py3.8/lib/python3.8/site-packages/flowvision/transforms/functional.py:67: DeprecationWarning: BICUBIC is deprecated and will be removed in Pillow 10 (2023-07-01). Use Resampling.BICUBIC instead.
  Image.BICUBIC: "bicubic",
/venv/apache-tvm-py3.8/lib/python3.8/site-packages/flowvision/transforms/functional.py:68: DeprecationWarning: BOX is deprecated and will be removed in Pillow 10 (2023-07-01). Use Resampling.BOX instead.
  Image.BOX: "box",
/venv/apache-tvm-py3.8/lib/python3.8/site-packages/flowvision/transforms/functional.py:69: DeprecationWarning: HAMMING is deprecated and will be removed in Pillow 10 (2023-07-01). Use Resampling.HAMMING instead.
  Image.HAMMING: "hamming",
/venv/apache-tvm-py3.8/lib/python3.8/site-packages/flowvision/transforms/functional.py:70: DeprecationWarning: LANCZOS is deprecated and will be removed in Pillow 10 (2023-07-01). Use Resampling.LANCZOS instead.
  Image.LANCZOS: "lanczos",
/venv/apache-tvm-py3.8/lib/python3.8/site-packages/flowvision/data/auto_augment.py:28: DeprecationWarning: BILINEAR is deprecated and will be removed in Pillow 10 (2023-07-01). Use Resampling.BILINEAR instead.
  _RANDOM_INTERPOLATION = (Image.BILINEAR, Image.BICUBIC)
/venv/apache-tvm-py3.8/lib/python3.8/site-packages/flowvision/data/auto_augment.py:28: DeprecationWarning: BICUBIC is deprecated and will be removed in Pillow 10 (2023-07-01). Use Resampling.BICUBIC instead.
  _RANDOM_INTERPOLATION = (Image.BILINEAR, Image.BICUBIC)

Load a pretrained OneFlow model and save model

model_name = "resnet18"
model = getattr(flowvision.models, model_name)(pretrained=True)
model = model.eval()

model_dir = "resnet18_model"
if not os.path.exists(model_dir):
    flow.save(model.state_dict(), model_dir)
Downloading: "https://oneflow-public.oss-cn-beijing.aliyuncs.com/model_zoo/flowvision/classification/ResNet/resnet18.zip" to /workspace/.oneflow/flowvision_cache/resnet18.zip

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Load a test image

Classic cat example!

from PIL import Image

img_url = "https://github.com/dmlc/mxnet.js/blob/main/data/cat.png?raw=true"
img_path = download_testdata(img_url, "cat.png", module="data")
img = Image.open(img_path).resize((224, 224))

# Preprocess the image and convert to tensor
from flowvision import transforms

my_preprocess = transforms.Compose(
    [
        transforms.Resize(256),
        transforms.CenterCrop(224),
        transforms.ToTensor(),
        transforms.Normalize(mean=[0.485, 0.456, 0.406], std=[0.229, 0.224, 0.225]),
    ]
)
img = my_preprocess(img)
img = np.expand_dims(img.numpy(), 0)

Import the graph to Relay

Convert OneFlow graph to Relay graph. The input name can be arbitrary.

class Graph(flow.nn.Graph):
    def __init__(self, module):
        super().__init__()
        self.m = module

    def build(self, x):
        out = self.m(x)
        return out


graph = Graph(model)
_ = graph._compile(flow.randn(1, 3, 224, 224))

mod, params = relay.frontend.from_oneflow(graph, model_dir)

Relay Build

Compile the graph to llvm target with given input specification.

target = tvm.target.Target("llvm", host="llvm")
dev = tvm.cpu(0)
with tvm.transform.PassContext(opt_level=3):
    lib = relay.build(mod, target=target, params=params)

Execute the portable graph on TVM

Now we can try deploying the compiled model on target.

target = "cuda"
with tvm.transform.PassContext(opt_level=10):
    intrp = relay.build_module.create_executor("graph", mod, tvm.cuda(0), target)

print(type(img))
print(img.shape)
tvm_output = intrp.evaluate()(tvm.nd.array(img.astype("float32")), **params)
<class 'numpy.ndarray'>
(1, 3, 224, 224)

Look up synset name

Look up prediction top 1 index in 1000 class synset.

synset_url = "".join(
    [
        "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Cadene/",
        "pretrained-models.pytorch/master/data/",
        "imagenet_synsets.txt",
    ]
)
synset_name = "imagenet_synsets.txt"
synset_path = download_testdata(synset_url, synset_name, module="data")
with open(synset_path) as f:
    synsets = f.readlines()

synsets = [x.strip() for x in synsets]
splits = [line.split(" ") for line in synsets]
key_to_classname = {spl[0]: " ".join(spl[1:]) for spl in splits}

class_url = "".join(
    [
        "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Cadene/",
        "pretrained-models.pytorch/master/data/",
        "imagenet_classes.txt",
    ]
)
class_name = "imagenet_classes.txt"
class_path = download_testdata(class_url, class_name, module="data")
with open(class_path) as f:
    class_id_to_key = f.readlines()

class_id_to_key = [x.strip() for x in class_id_to_key]

# Get top-1 result for TVM
top1_tvm = np.argmax(tvm_output.numpy()[0])
tvm_class_key = class_id_to_key[top1_tvm]

# Convert input to OneFlow variable and get OneFlow result for comparison
with flow.no_grad():
    torch_img = flow.from_numpy(img)
    output = model(torch_img)

    # Get top-1 result for OneFlow
    top_oneflow = np.argmax(output.numpy())
    oneflow_class_key = class_id_to_key[top_oneflow]

print("Relay top-1 id: {}, class name: {}".format(top1_tvm, key_to_classname[tvm_class_key]))
print(
    "OneFlow top-1 id: {}, class name: {}".format(top_oneflow, key_to_classname[oneflow_class_key])
)
Relay top-1 id: 281, class name: tabby, tabby cat
OneFlow top-1 id: 281, class name: tabby, tabby cat

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